Related Conditions and Treatments
CDKL5 disorder is a rare neurodevelopmental condition that is characterized by early onset epilepsy, low muscle tone, and developmental challenges.
Cerebral Palsy (CP)
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of disorders that affect muscle tone, posture, and movement as a result of damage to the brain of an infant.
Congenital Herpes Simplex
Congenital herpes simplex is an infection caused by exposure in the uterus.
Crouzon syndrome is a complex genetic birth disorder that may affect a child’s face, skull, and teeth.
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a virus related to the herpes virus group of infections.
Dysphagia in Children
Dysphagia is a term that means “difficulty swallowing.” It is the inability of food or liquids to pass easily from your child’s mouth, into the throat, and through the esophagus to the stomach during the process of swallowing.
Hydrocephalus is extra fluid in or around the brain.
Hyperbilirubinemia and Jaundice
Hyperbilirubinemia is a condition in which there is too much bilirubin in your baby’s blood. Because bilirubin has a pigment or coloring, it causes a yellowing of your baby’s skin and tissues, called jaundice.
In microcephaly, the brain develops abnormally, causing the head to be much smaller than expected for the child's age.
Muscle Weakness (Hypotonia)
Hypotonia is decreased muscle tone.
Neurological Diagnostic Tests
Neurological diagnostic tests help physicians evaluate and diagnose damage to the nervous system — which consists of the brain, the spinal cord, and the nerves from these areas.
Plagiocephaly (also called deformational plagiocephaly or positional plagiocephaly) causes a baby’s head to have a flattened appearance.
A prenatal ultrasound scan is a diagnostic technique that uses high-frequency sound waves to create an image of your fetus.
Seizures in Children
Seizures happen when brain cells fire or “talk” too much, temporarily disrupting the brain’s normal electrical signals. They’re quite common, especially in infants and young children.
Spina bifida occurs when the brain, spinal cord, or the membranes that cover them (meninges) do not completely develop.
Spinal Tap and Lumbar Puncture
In a spinal tap, also known as a lumbar puncture, your child’s doctor uses a needle to access her spinal canal and the cerebrospinal fluid that’s found floating in it.
Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone Secretion (SIADH)
Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) occurs when excessive levels of antidiuretic hormones are produced.
Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by a parasite, and it's usually acquired by the parasite getting into the body by the mouth.
Ultrasound Examinations and Preparations
Ultrasound uses high-frequency sound waves and their echoes to make cross-sectional images of the inside of your child's body.